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Volume 19, Number 3-4

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Proteomic analysis of the rat cerebellar flocculus during vestibular compensation
Full Text Featured Article (1,878 KB)
pp. 83 - 94
Masahiko Fukasawa, Kazuki Okamoto, Manabu Nakamura, Koshi Mikami, Sonoko Shimada, Yasuhiko Tanaka, Kouhei Nagai, Mitsumi Arito, Manae S. Kurokawa, Kayo Masuko, Naoya Suematsu, Izumi Koizuka, Tomohiro Kato

Unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) in rats is used as a human vertigo model. In this model, spontaneous nystagmus and dysequilibrium caused by UL are ameliorated within 4872 hours. The amelioration, termed vestibular compensation (VC), is long lasting. Although cerebellar flocculi have been reported to be involved in VC, the molecular mechanisms behind VC are unknown. In this study, we used 2D-DIGE to detect protein changes in flocculi during acute (48 hours) and chronic (1 week) stages of VC. We found 99 out of 967 protein spots that showed significant changes in their intensities. Of the 99 spots, 45 spots (ipsilateral side, 15; contralateral side, 30) changed unilaterally during the acute stage, whereas 46 spots (ipsilateral side, 21; contralateral side, 25) changed unilaterally during the chronic stage. Thus, the acute compensation mechanism is more complicated in the contralateral flocculus than in the ipsilateral flocculus. Using MALDI-TOF MS, we identified 10 proteins out of the 12 protein spots. Of these, 3 proteins involved in synaptic transmission, neuronal filament formation and vesicular transport, respectively, demonstrated altered expression only in the acute stage. Our results enhance the understanding of the role of the cerebellar flocculi in VC generation.

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